Warning Signs for Dyslexia

If a child has 3 or more of the following warning signs, the parents and teachers are encouraged to learn more about Dyslexia

 A Preschooler
(signs will show as early as 12 months old)

  • Delayed speech
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Severe reactions to childhood illnesses
  • Mixing up the sounds & syllables in long words
  • Constant confusion of left versus right
  • Late to establish a dominant hand
  • Difficulty learning to tie shoes
  • Trouble memorizing their address, phone and/or the alphabet
  • Can’t create words that rhyme
  • A close relative with Dyslexia

 
An Elementary School Child

  • Letters and number reversals continuing past the end of first grade
  • Dysgraphia: slow, non-automatic handwriting that is difficult to read
  • Extreme difficulty learning cursive
  • Slow, choppy, inaccurate reading:
  • Guesses based in shape or context
  • Skips or misreads prepositions (at, to, of)
  • Ignores suffixes
  • Can’t “sound out” unknown words
  • Terrible spelling
  • Often can’t remember sight words (they, were, does) or homonyms (their, they’re and there)
  • Difficulty telling time o a clock with hands
  • Trouble with math: memorizing multiplication  tables, sequencing steps, directionality
  • When speaking, difficulty finding correct words… “thingy”, “whachamacallit”, etc.
  • Articulation difficulties
  • Extremely messy bedroom, backpack, desk
  • Dreads going to school


A High School Student

  • Symptoms from previous categories PLUS:
  • Limited vocabulary
  • Extremely poor written expression
  • Large discrepancy between verbal skills and written compositions
  • Unable to master a foreign language
  • Difficulty reading printed music
  • Poor grades in many classes
  • May drop out of high school


An Adult

  • Education history similar to above PLUS:
  • Slow reader
  • May have to read a page 2 or 3 times to understand it
  • Terrible speller
  • Difficulty putting thoughts onto paper
  • Dreads writing memos or letters
  • Still has difficulty with right versus left
  • Sometimes confuses b and d, especially when tired, stressed or sick